The Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC) is a non-profit research center affiliated with the University of Bergen, with a focus on marine and Arctic science. The Nansen Center is a national environmental research institute and receives basic funding from the Ministry of Climate and Environment through the Research Council of Norway. The Center has in particular strengthened the expertise within studies of regional climate change research and studies of the oceans and sea ice in the Arctic oceans
Research activities include satellite remote sensing, ocean acoustics and development of information systems where observational data are integrated with models and disseminated to users. Satellite methods and monitoring systems are developed for sea ice, icebergs and ocean variables. Acoustic methods used are ocean acoustic tomography and passive listening of ambient noise with focus on the Arctic region.
The University of Bergen (UiB) is a young and modern university comprising six faculties and is represented in this project by two bodies. The Department of Earth Science (UiB-GEO) embodies research and research-based education within central geological and geophysical disciplines, including marine geoscience, petroleum, quaternary geology, climate and earthquake-seismology. The research is conducted on land and sea all over the globe, including extensive activity in the Arctic.
The Geophysical Institute´s (UiB-GFI) research strategy rests upon use of its own cutting edge measurement techniques developed in collaboration with technology partners in combination with theoretical studies and modelling. Polar research is one of the institute’s four interdisciplinary focus areas.
UiB-GEO and UiB-GFI are both involved in the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, a collaboration between UiB, Uni Research, Institute of Marine Research and the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center. The Centre coordinates the national climate modelling effort, with the Norwegian Earth System Model being a major data provider for CMIP5 and IPCC.
IMR is Norway’s leading oceanographic research institution. It is responsible for monitoring hydrographic properties, chemistry, contaminants, radioactivity, pH, CO2, nutrients, plankton in addition to living marine resources including fish, marine mammals and benthos.
While international in scope and ambition, IMR’s field activities are focused on the North, Norwegian and Barents Seas, and the recent years expanding more into Arctic and Antarctic regions. IMR scientists have also surveyed and mapped several regions of the deep Atlantic including sections along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge as well as in the Nordic seas. IMR operates 5 research vessels, from 2017 also the new ice going RV Kronprins Haakon. IMR has a central position in Norway, Europe and in the Arctic and Antarctic, providing and sharing data though national and international networks.
Stockholm University (SU) is the largest university in Sweden, and is represented in this project by the Department of Meteorology (MISU) which is the leading meteorological department in Sweden. Today research at the department spans four specialities: Dynamic Meteorology, Physical Oceanography, Atmospheric Physics and Chemical Meteorology. In particular within Dynamic Meteorology and Chemical Meteorology, there are substantial experiences in Arctic research, both modelling and observations. MISU also has two undergraduate programmes; a bachelor program in Meteorology and a Masters program in Atmospheric sciences, Oceanography and Climate. Together with three other departments at SU, MISU is part of the Bolin Centre for Climate Research.
As a Helmholtz centre for polar and marine research the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) works above all in the cold and temperate regions of the world. Together with numerous national and international partners they decipher complicated processes in the Earth system, with particular relevance to climate change. The AWI is a public research organisation and the largest scientific organisation in Germany.
The AWI’s researchers operate various observatories that gather measurement data over longer timeframes. They research the atmosphere, ice, oceans and coasts. They explore the deep seas, the glaciers and the permafrost soils of the polar regions first-hand, and they analyze data from climate archives like sediment and ice core samples.
The AWI operates the LTER (Long-Term Ecological Research) observatory HAUSGARTEN in the Fram Strait between northeast Greenland and the Svalbard archipelago, which serves as an experimental area for unique biological experiments at the deep seafloor, simulating various scenarios in changing environmental settings.
The Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IOPAN) is the largest marine research institute in Poland. Its main areas of research activity are the European Arctic Seas and the Baltic Sea. IOPAN has extensive expertise both in collecting and analysis of environmental observations, and running state-of-the-art numerical models. It has conducted extensive field campaigns, each summer covering the eastern regions of the Nordic Seas, Fram Strait, west Spitsbergen fjords and the open water area north of Svalbard and it maintains arrays of oceanographic moorings in the Fram Strait and northeast of Svalbard.
The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) consists of 19 institutes, two of which participate in this project. DTU Aqua carries out research, investigations and education concerning sustainable exploitation of living marine and fresh water resources. DTU Aqua is strongly involved in Arctic marine research, both field work and analytical, as well as advice giving in relation to Arctic ecosystems through its collaboration with GINR. DTU Aqua has significant experience in developing ecosystem models and is deeply involved in the work of ICES. DTU Space is the national institute for space-related activities in Denmark. Its main application areas are sea level, sea ice, land ice, geodesy, and oceanography. DTU Space operates permanent GPS-stations and tide gauges in Greenland and has been pioneering the use of GPS for monitoring ice sheet mass changes.
Aarhus University strives to combine the high level of academic standards of its researchers with collaboration across disciplinary boundaries to combine research in new ways. The University is involved in environmental monitoring and impact assessments and advises the Danish and Greenland Governments on numerous issues related to climate and environment. Aarhus University has established the Arctic Research Centre (ARC) in order to address on-going changes in the Arctic from a multidisciplinary perspective. ARC is a partner in the Arctic Science Partnership which is a research and training collaboration between the University of Manitoba, Canada, the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources (GINR) and ARC.
The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) is an independent research and advisory institution established within the Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate. GEUS carries out activities to exploit and protect geological resources in Denmark and Greenland. Primary activities are mapping, compilation and storage of data, research, monitoring and consultancy within water, energy, minerals, climate and environment. This includes research and technology development in relation to administration of legislation. GEUS is part of Geocenter Denmark - a formalised cooperation between GEUS and the Geoscience institutes at University of Copenhagen and University of Aarhus. GEUS has carried out extensive field programmes in Greenland for more than 60 years and heads the National Monitoring Programme for the Greenland Ice Sheet.
The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a research and service agency under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Its main objective is to provide the Finnish nation with the best possible information about the atmosphere above and around Finland, for ensuring public safety relating to atmospheric and airborne hazards and for satisfying requirements for specialized meteorological products. FMI performs and advances research on the atmosphere, physical oceanography, polar areas and the near-space among others. In addition to being a leading expert in several research areas, FMI is also committed to helping other countries, especially the developing world, in the development of their meteorological services.
The University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS) is the world’s northernmost higher education institution and provides research-based education for the next generation of Arctic experts in biology, geology, geophysics and technology. UNIS’ geographical position gives it a unique advantage, enabling students and faculty to use nature as a laboratory, arena for observation and data collection. UNIS is well equipped with infrastructure for both marine and terrestrial field, laboratory and experimental research. The Air-Cryosphere-Sea Interaction (ACSI) group at UNIS studies the three most dominant geophysical components in the Arctic climate system on Svalbard.
The Nordisk Fond for Miljø og Udvikling (NORDECO) is a non-profit charity foundation in Greenland/Denmark. NORDECO develops tools and methods, carries out research, connects persons and institutions, builds capacity, and supports interventions on the ground. Its goal is to support local, innovative conservation and development initiatives in remote communities.
NORDECO has spearheaded the development of bottom-up approaches to natural resource monitoring and management, where local people or local government staff are directly involved in data collection and interpretation, and where monitoring is linked to the decisions of local people, using methods that are simple, cheap and require few resources. NORDECO coordinates the international Monitoring Matters Network, which involves researchers and practitioners from universities, community-based and non-governmental organizations, and government agencies
SMHI, the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, is an expert agency under the Ministry of the Environment and Energy. Through unique expertise in meteorology, hydrology, oceanography and climatology, SMHI contributes towards greater public welfare, increased safety and a sustainable society. SMHI is responsible for national meteorological, hydrological and oceanographic monitoring, forecasting and production of climate change projections. The main fields of research include weather and climate modelling, data assimilation, hydrology, oceanography and air quality. Climate research is a cross departmental activity, with all six research sections contributing to the development of climate projections, impact assessments and communication with stakeholders, regional authorities and major utilities.
The University of Sheffield established over a hundred years ago, was founded on the aspirations and with financial support of the people of Sheffield. The university encourages innovative collaboration across subject areas and with individuals, businesses and organisations to solve the more pressing problems we face, both close to home and around the world. Five departments have been ranked in the top five percent of the UK Higher Education Institutions: Biological Sciences, Computer Science, Civil Engineering, Education and Architecture, Landscape and Town and Regional Planning.
Research at Maynooth University spans the disciplines from the Sciences, the Social Sciences and the Arts. The university aims to work across traditional boundaries to focus on the major societal challenges of the 21st century.
Maynooth University, actively seeks to engage through sustained partnerships, with enterprises, communities, civil society and public bodies; in order to build support for the mission of the university and to simultaneously serve the needs of society, and to open up new opportunities for research and learning. Within NUIM the Irish Climate Research Unit (ICARUS) was set up by the School of Geography in the early 2000s and has built a strong reputation nationally and internationally in climate change research. Members of ICARUS span the full range from observations through modelling to applications.
IFREMER is the key French institute that undertakes research and expert assessments to advance knowledge on the oceans and their resources, monitor the marine environment and foster the sustainable development of maritime activities. IFREMER’s scientific departments contribute to national research and innovation as well as to the European research landscape. IFREMER has a strong capacity in both in-situ and remotely sensed observations and maintains links to various user communities.
In the framework of its activities in Observation and monitoring of the ocean, IFREMER operates, since 1991, the “Centre ERS d’Archivage et de Traitement” (CERSAT) which has evolved into a multi-satellite/multi-sensor data processing/geophysical product provider and data distribution centre in close collaboration with the scientific teams of the Laboratoire d’Océanographie Spatiale.
The Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) is a research institute of the German Max-Planck Society (MPG), founded in 1997. Its research mission is the investigation of the global biogeochemical cycles and their interaction with the climate system. The institute combines strong observational and process-based studies (soil carbon, plant community and growth, vegetation-atmosphere fluxes) with global scale modelling (e.g. vegetation dynamics, global carbon cycle, aerosol). The institute is strongly involved in more than ten collaborative EU project and co-leads international collaborative efforts such as FLUXNET. Moreover, the department of Biogeochemical Systems maintains regular long-term in-situ measurements of various atmospheric constituents in a number of places around the world.
EuroGOOS AISBL (European Global Ocean Observing System) represents 40 national governmental agencies, research organizations and private companies from 19 EU countries, committed to European-scale operational oceanography within the context of IOC/GOOS. EuroGOOS works in the collective interest of its members, to improve the quality and cost effectiveness in the production of operational oceanography services at national, regional and global levels. The establishment of regional systems (ROOS) and strong cooperation within these enable the involvement of many more regional partners and countries in the promotion and development of operational oceanography. EuroGOOS has had a strong involvement in the establishment of the concept of EOOS – an integrated and operational European Ocean Observing System.
EurOcean – The European Centre for information on Marine Science and Technology, established in 2002, is an independent scientific non-governmental organisation whose 12 member organisations across 10 European countries represent leading marine research, funding and outreach organisations. Its aim is to facilitate information exchange and generate value-added products in the field of marine sciences and technologies between a wide range of governmental and non-governmental bodies.
EurOcean provides comprehensive databases of information on topics related to marine science and technology in Europe with priority given to three main domains: Marine Knowledge Management, Marine Research Infrastructures and Ocean Public Outreach and Awareness activities. EurOcean is an active participant in a number of European Horizon 2020 funded projects and it contributes to initiatives aiming to promote a Blue Society and the implementation of the European Maritime Policy.
The Technical University of Madrid has, among its objectives, the creation, development, transmission and criticism of science, technology, and culture. It is focused on engineering studies, and is structured into 18 schools and faculties, plus 17 research centres.
The research team participating here is the Glaciology Section, part of the Group of Numerical Simulation in Science and Engineering made up of 10 academic and research staff plus 10 other researchers or graduate students. The Glaciology Section focuses its research on numerical modelling of glacier dynamics, ground-penetrating radar applications to glaciology, and glacier mass balance.
The Institute of Environmental Physics, within the University of Bremen, works on exploring the Earth system with physical methods. Foci are the atmospheric, oceanic and cryospheric sciences and remote sensing methods, among other with satellites, and ground based, airborne and shipborne sensors. Many projects use external platforms or carrier systems, among them the research vessel Polarstern of the Alfred-Wegener-Institute in Bremerhaven, research aircrafts, stratospheric balloons and ground based stations all around the world, from the tropics to the poles as well as data from a range of satellite sensors. Operational products include daily maps of sea ice concentration and thickness.
The Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN) is a recognized research center at the University of Hamburg. It brings together the expertise of nine university institutes and facilities and is part of the KlimaCampus Hamburg. Members include oceanographers, meteorologists, marine biologists, geophysicists, geologists, soil scientists, geographers and biogeochemists, as well as researchers in the business and social sciences, all of whom are actively engaged in climate, environmental and earth system research.
The Institut für Meereskunde, as one of the members of CEN, performs basic research and academic education in physical oceanography. The University has been actively participating in various European projects as well as in North Atlantic field work for CLIVAR.
Norut Northern Research Institute is a Norwegian research and innovation company that produces knowledge with practical applicability relevant to the High North within technology and social science. NORUT carries out research for both private and public sectors. Its clients are public sector authorities, industry and businesses in Norway and abroad. Research is done on robust platforms, sensors and remote sensing services for Arctic use. Norut has a range of sensor packages, UV/VIS/IR cameras, hyperspectral imagers, ground penetrating radars, laser altimeters, and sensors for meteorological and aerosol measurements.
Terradue Srl is addressing the Earth Sciences research & education sector, with core competencies aimed at engineering distributed systems & Cloud services, providing consultancy for international organisations, and developing partner programs for Terradue's Open Source Software & Open Standards strategy. Current developments focus on empowering researchers within seamless science infrastructures, for curating and delivering scientific information, and to create Cloud marketplaces for environmental data analytics and promoting a vision where scientific publications are fully reproducible, verifiable experiments and part of an interoperable ecosystem.
The Greenland Institute of Natural Resources conducts research into Arctic ecosystems, monitors the living resources and the environment in Greenland and advises the Government of Greenland and other authorities on sustainable exploitation of living resources and safeguarding the environment and biodiversity.
The Institute has three departments: Department of Fish and Shellfish, Department of Birds and Mammals, and Department of Environment and Mineral Resources and in addition the Greenland Climate Research Centre (a cross-disciplinary Danish/Greenlandic organisation) is embedded in the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, and conducts research into effects of climate change on the Arctic environment and Greenlandic society.
The University of Exeter
The University of Exeter is ranked amongst the UK’s top 10 universities. The College of Life and Environmental Sciences, which is involved in INTAROS brings together the complementary disciplines of Biosciences, Geography, Psychology and Sport and Health Sciences to provide a rich and diverse interdisciplinary teaching and research portfolio. It has significant experience in terrestrial monitoring especially in boreal environments.
The Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) is Norway’s leading institute for basic and applied research on marine and freshwaters. The institute’s research comprises a wide array of environmental, climatic and resource-related fields. NIVA is organized in two research centres: Centre for Freshwater Research and Centre for Coastal and Marine Research. The latter Centre undertakes among many disciplines including sensor development, research on use of remote sensing data, in situ measurements for marine ecosystem research and policy advice, and Arctic Ocean research. NIVA has a large pool of instruments for measurements of ecological and oceanographic processes both for moored and ship-borne configurations.
The National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) is a public organization under the responsibility of the French Ministry of Education and Research. It aims to evaluate and carry out all research capable of advancing knowledge and bringing social, cultural, and economic benefits for society; contribute to the promotion and application of research results; develop scientific information; support research training; participate in the analysis of the national and international scientific climate and its potential for evolution in order to develop a national policy. Four CNRS units are involved in INTAROS.
The University of Helsinki´s strategic research areas include life sciences, the human mind in a changing world as well as the structure of matter and materials science. The Department of Physics, division of Atmospheric Sciences which participates in INTAROS has over 30 years of experience in atmospheric research. The main research subjects are aerosol dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, climate change, dynamic and radar meteorology, forest-atmosphere interactions, aerosol-cloud-climate interactions, and urban air quality.
Research at the GFZ focuses on the geosphere within the highly complex Earth System with its further subsystems, its interacting subcycles, and its wide network of cause-and-effect chains. This is done in close interdisciplinary collaborations with the related scientific disciplines physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology as well as with the engineering sciences disciplines of rock mechanics, engineering hydrology and seismology.
GFZ core competences are: application and development of satellite technologies and space-based measuring methods; operation of geodetic-geophysical monitoring networks; application of geophysical deep-sounding techniques for the tomography of the solid Earth; execution of scientific drilling; laboratory and in experimental techniques; and modelling of geoprocesses.
ARMINES was founded in 1967 by MINES ParisTech for the purpose of promoting industry-oriented research. ARMINES acts as an effective go-between linking research bodies and the world of industry. With an annual contract volume of 40 million Euro (2014) it is in the top rank of contract research organisations affiliated with academic institutions and together with MINES ParisTech it was awarded the Carnot Institute label of the French national research agency ANR. The Geostatistics group of the Centre de Géosciences, which is the main contributor to INTAROS, is a center-of-excellence in developing probabilistic and statistical methods for industrial applications in environmental and earth sciences.
The Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences (Instytut Geofizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk, IGF PAN) is the only institution in Poland that performs monitoring of geophysical fields in seismology, geomagnetism, and selected areas of atmospheric physics. It undertakes activities in relation to hazards forecasting, the performance of risk assessments and management crisis situations.
An important objective of the Institute is capacity building of young researchers. The Polish Polar Station at Svalbard is the oldest station, which performs monitoring in this part of Arctic. IGF PAN and Polish Polar Station at Svalbard has extensive experience in operating an isolated self-sustained research station (Hornsund), whilst maintaining close cooperation with the Norwegian authorities.
The University of Silesia´s Faculty of Earth Scienc conducts Earth science research in the field of polar science. The overall aim of the polar research programm is identification and understanding of changes in the Arctic cryosphere system as indicators of climate warming. The Faculty of Earth Sciences is also the leader of the Centre for Polar Studies. The Centre conducts advanced research aimed at improving the understanding of polar environments and their transformation related to climate change and is also an educational centre for specialized interdisciplinary polar studies. Moreover, the University heads the Polish Polar Consortium – a cooperation between 18 Polish scientific institutions.
The Barcelona Supercomputing Center – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación (BSC-CNS) combines unique high performance computing facilities and in-house research departments on computer, life, and Earth sciences, and computational applications. The Earth Sciences Department (ESD) focuses on atmospheric emissions, air quality, mineral dust transport, and global and regional climate modelling and prediction. The climate prediction group aims at developing a climate forecast system based on the EC- Earth model and performs regular assessments of the characteristics of this forecast system compared to all other operational and quasi-operational systems available in the world.
Det Norske Veritas GL (DNV GL) is an independent, autonomous Foundation working to safeguard life, property and the environment DNV GL develops rules and establishes requirements regarding how ships and mobile offshore units are to be constructed. DNV GL shapes the requirements to ensure that quality of the vessels is retained throughout its lifetime. DNV GL Research & Innovation promotes and facilitates DNV GL's interdisciplinary knowledge, expertise and technological leadership, secure knowledge sharing across business units, and focus on potential rather than well defined needs.
RIHMI is a Federal State Budget Institution operating under Federal Service on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russian Federation (ROSHYDROMET). RIHMI is hosting World Data Centers in Meteorology and in Oceanography (operating in World Data System under ICSU). The main fields of activity of RIHMI as a whole are: environmental data collection from different sources (computer media, telecommunication, hardcopy media), data preservation and data archiving, climate data preparation and management, climate analysis and climate services to customers, integration of data and information from distributed and non-homogenies’ sources.
RIHMI has extensive expertise and experience in hydrometeorological and ocean data collection, processing, archiving, rescue, analysis. Furthermore, RIHMI conducts climate data preparation, data processing, climate analysis and climate statistics based on observational data, with main attention to surface climate, snow and liquid precipitation climatology and upper-air climate
The Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre (NIERSC) was co-founded by NERSC and the University of Bergen, Norway, two Russian Academy of Sciences institutes, St. Petersburg State University and Max Planck Society in Germany. The vision of NIERSC is to understand, monitor and predict climate and environmental changes in the high northern latitudes for serving society with a special focus on the Russian High North. NIERSC expertise covers climate change in the Arctic; including sea ice and surface air temperature, satellite remote sensing of atmosphere, ocean and sea ice and some other areas.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is a private, non-profit research facility dedicated to the
study of marine science and to the education of marine scientists. It is the largest independent oceanographic research institution in the world. Its primary mission is to develop and effectively communicate a fundamental understanding of the processes and characteristics governing how the oceans function and how they interact with Earth as a whole.
The premier feature of the Institution is its research vessels -- truly, floating laboratories -- which define the oceanographic endeavour, allowing scientists access to the seas. WHOI’s ships carry investigators across the globe for diverse studies that range from tracking large and small currents and investigating coastal pollution to studying Earth’s crust beneath the seafloor and examining marine animals from whales to microbes.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography carries out physical, chemical, biological, geological, and geophysical studies of the oceans. This includes studies of air-sea interactions, climate prediction, earthquakes, biodiversity in marine ecosystems, marine chemistry, beach erosion, the marine food chain, marine genomics, the geological evolution of the ocean basins, and the multidisciplinary aspects of global change and the environment. Scripps operates a fleet of four research ships and the platform FLIP for oceanographic research.
The scientists and technical staff within the Acoustical Oceanography Group at SIO have played a leading role in the development of ocean acoustic tomography, and bring first class expertise in tomographic technology and methodology that they have built up over many years.
Université Laval boasts a tradition for academic excellence and benefits from a well-established infrastructure for Arctic research. Hosted by Université Laval, ArcticNet is Canada’s Network of Centres of Excellence that brings together scientists from 32 universities with their partners in Inuit organizations, northern communities, government, and industry to help Canadians face the impacts and opportunities of climate change and globalization in the Arctic. ArcticNet infrastructure includes the icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, instrumented moored lines as part of the Long-Term Oceanic Observatories (LTOO) and the Network is the lead in planning the ambitious Baffin Bay Observing System (BBOS)
The mission of RADI is to explore leading technologies in Earth observation, geospatial information science and mechanisms for acquiring and distributing remote sensing information. It aims to construct and operate spaceborne, airborne and ground-based Earth observation systems that can provide resource-environmental spatial information at the regional and global level, forming a Digital Earth science platform.
RADI operates two national key S&T infrastructures: the China Remote Sensing Satellite Ground Station and the Airborne Remote Sensing Aircraft. The China Remote Sensing Satellite Ground Station boasts one of the world’s highest capacities for receiving, processing, and distributing satellite data, while the Airborne Remote Sensing Centre, equipped with two Citation S/II high-altitude remote sensing aircraft, can conduct all-weather flight operations with different remote sensors.
The State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science and the CAS Laboratory of Digital Earth Science are two main research units under RADI, whose duties include providing the remote sensing product of snow, ice, and physical status of Tibetan Plateau and Polar areas.