INTAROS is working closely with a range of other projects and initiatives
There are many activities both in Europe and on other continents of relevance to monitoring and observations in the Arctic. A key objective of INTAROS is to collaborate and build synergies with these to ensure complementarity and to ensure that the project learns from and advances on existing achievements. In particular INTAROS is working closely with the Arctic Council´s Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON), the Global Earth Observations (GEO) Cold Region Initiative (CRI) and programmes such as COPERNICUS, which is establishing a European capacity for Earth Observation and Monitoring as well as the Japanese led Arctic Challenge for Sustainability (ArCS) project and a number of United States and Canadian programmes.
The list below is not exhaustive but gives a flavour of some of the relevant projects and initiatives with which INTAROS is collaborating.
The EU Arctic Cluster
The EU Arctic Cluster is a network of currently funded Horizon 2020 Arctic projects that merges the most up-to-date findings on Arctic change and its global implications. Its objective is to provide guidance and policy-relevant information and to support the EU in advancing international cooperation, in responding to the impacts of climate change on the Arctic's fragile environment, and on promoting and contributing to sustainable development. In doing so, the EU Arctic Cluster cooperates closely with policy makers, indigenous peoples, local Arctic communities, business representatives and the European civil society.
The following project collaborate in the EU Arctic Cluster:
EU-PolarNET (2015-2020) aims to develop and deliver a strategic framework and mechanisms to priorities science, optimize the use of polar infrastructure, and facilitate network building to create new projects.
APPLICATE (2016 – 2019) is investigating ways to improve weather and climate prediction in the face of a rapidly changing Arctic.
BLUE ACTION (2016 – 2021) is improving our ability to describe, model, and predict Arctic climate change and its impact on Northern Hemisphere climate, weather and their extremes, and to deliver valuable climate services of societal benefit.
INTERACT (2016 - 2020) is focussed on building capacity for identifying, understanding, predicting and responding to diverse environmental changes across the range of environmental and land-uses in the Arctic.
ICE-ARC (2014-2017) aims to understand and quantify the multiple stresses involved in the change in the Arctic marine environment.
NUNATARYUK (2017-2022) investigates the impacts of thawing coastal and subsea permafrost on the global climate, and develops targeted and co-designed adaptation and mitigation strategies for the Arctic coastal population.
ARICE (2018-2021) aims at providing Europe with better capacities for marine-based research in the ice-covered Arctic Ocean.
European Infrastructure Programmes (ESFRI) and National Infrastructures
ENVRIplus is a Horizon 2020 project bringing together Environmental and Earth System Research Infrastructures, projects and networks alonng with technical specialist partners to create a more coherent, interdisciplinary and interoperable cluster of Environmental Research Infrastructures across Europe
The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) has a key role in policy-making on research infrastructures in Europe. In particular the ESFRI contributes to the development of a strategic roadmap that is identifying vital new European RIs over the next decades. INTAROS will work closely with a number of ESFRI related initiatives including those listed here.
The Integrated Carbon Observing System (ICOS) research infrastructure (RI) integrates national networks consisting of atmospheric and ecosystem stations across Europe and marine stations covering the North Atlantic and European marginal seas. Scientists in INTAROS are directly involved in ICOS and will provide it with new data from the Arctic. INTAROS will thereby benefit from full integration with the ICOS RI.
ACTRIS is the European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosol, Clouds, and Trace gases. It is composed of observing stations, exploratory platforms, instruments calibration centres, and a data centre. ACTRIS serves a vast community working on models and forecast systems by offering high quality data for atmospheric gases, clouds, and trace gases.
The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) brings together Earth scientists, national research infrastructures, ICT (Information & Communication Technology) experts, decision makers, and the public to develop new concepts and tools for accurate, durable, and sustainable answers to societal questions concerning geo-hazards and those geodynamic phenomena (including geo-resources) relevant to the environment and human welfare. It aims to integrate existing infrastructures in solid Earth sciences into a single infrastructure. Partners in INTAROS are directly involved in EPOS and will provide new data from observations undertaken in the project to EPOS.
The Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System (SIOS) has been proposed to be a regional coordination instrument of observational systems for long-term measurements in and around Svalbard. The SIOS Knowledge Centre (KC) is hosted by the University of Svalbard (UNIS). INTAROS will collaborate directly with the SIOS KC with respect to data dissemination and outreach. Moreover a training course will be held at UNIS.
HAUSGARTEN is the key site in the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and Water Column Observatory (EMSO), and a member of the Long-Term Ecological Research - Network (LTER). HAUSGARTEN contributes to the above-mentioned ESFRI projects SIOS (Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System) and ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System). INTAROS will add new monitoring capability to HAUSGARTEN and benefit from full integration with data from HAUSGARTEN
The FRAM Ocean Observing System is an infrastructure funded by the German Helmholtz Association (HGF) to provide data on Earth system dynamics, climate variability and ecosystem change. As part of the Fixed-point Open Ocean Observatory network FixO3 project, the FRAM infrastructure provides free-of-charge access to external users under the objective of Transnational Access. INTAROS will integrate existing data from FRAM and complement it with new observations.
Other European Projects
AtlantOS (2015-2019): This project is focussed on developing in-situ Atlantic Ocean Observations for a better management and sustainable exploitation of maritime resources.
JERICO-NEXT (2015 - 2018) aims to improve and innovate the cooperation around coastal observatories in Europe. It is providing operational services for the timely, continuous and sustainable delivery of high quality environmental data and information products related to the marine environment in European coastal seas.
GAIA-CLIM (Gap Analysis for Integrated Atmospheric ECV CLImate Monitoring) (2015 - 2018) aims to improve our ability to use ground-based and sub-orbital observations to characterise satellite observations for a number of atmospheric Essential Climate Variables (ECVs). INTAROS will review the outcomes from this project as part of its gap assessment work and will use the Maturity Matrix Approach developed in the project to determine the maturity of various existing observing systems.
BRIDGES (Bringing together Research and Industry for the Development of Glider Environmental Services) (2015 - 2019) is developing two deep gliders with a wide range of scientific payloads for application in marine sciences and ocean monitoring for operational applications and in fulfilment of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
European Observation Programmes
Another programme of the European Commission, but with a specific focus on Observations is COPERNICUS, which is establishing a European capacity for Earth Observation and Monitoring. One relevant element of this programme is the Copernicus Marine Environmental Monitoring Service (CMEMS). Earth observation satellites managed by organisations including ESA and EUMETSAT play a key role in the observing system, supported by in situ data. INTAROS will have strong links to CMEMS, mainly as a provider of in situ and EO data for validation of the forecasting models that form part of the CMEMS service.
The European Space Agency´s Climate Change Initiative comprises fourteen parallel projects geared to Essential Climate Variable data production, plus a dedicated climate modeling user project for assessment of the products, a portal providing all products under one roof, a toolbox to facilitate the combining and analysis of the products, and a visualization tool supporting outreach. INTAROS will ensure that its activities are complementary to those of the CCI. Some of the in situ data collected will also be used to assess products available from the CCI.
The European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) consists of more than 160 organisations assembling marine data, products and metadata to make these fragmented resources more available to public and private users relying on quality-assured, standardised and harmonised marine data which are interoperable and free of restrictions on use. INTAROS will ensure that its data management and governance framework is in line with EMODnet and other relevant data infrastructures and data and metadata will be integrated where possible.
The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. INTAROS will establish links with the Council, especially through some of its working groups (e.g. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program) and will ensure that roadmap for an implementation of a future Sustainable Arctic Observing System will be in line with the strategies and recommendations of the Council. There will also be strong engagement with The Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON) initiative, which was initiated by the Council.
The vision of the Global Earth Observations (GEO) Cold Region Initiative (CRI) is to provide coordinated Earth observations and information services across a range of stakeholders to facilitate well-informed decisions and support the sustainable development of the cold regions globally. The GEOCRI mission is to develop a user-driven approach for Cold Regions information services to complement the mainly current science-driven efforts, which will strengthen synergies between the environmental, climate, and cryosphere research efforts and foster the collaboration for improved earth observations and information on a global scale. INTAROS intends to engage with GEOCRI and contribute to the achievement of its goals.
The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) facilitates analysis and prediction of Earth system change for use in a range of practical applications of direct relevance, benefit and value to society. WCRP aims to determine the predictability of climate and the effect of human activities on climate. They will be a member of the stakeholder panel and INTAROS is represented through one of its partners on the WCRP core project CLIVAR on the ocean-atmosphere system and also contributes to the WCRP grand challenge on regional sea level change and coastal impacts.
The Transatlantic Ocean Research Alliance which promotes Atlantic cooperation between the European Union, Canada and the USA has as one of its goals to study the interplay of the Atlantic Ocean with the Arctic Ocean, particularly with regards to climate change. Several USA and Canadian research institutes are partners in INTAROS and will contribute to the achievement of this goal
The Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP) is established by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and aims to improve the environmental prediction capabilities for the polar regions and beyond, by coordinating a period of intensive observing, modeling, verification, user-engagement and education activities. YOPP field work will take place from mid-2017 to mid-2019 with a subsequent consolidation phase (2019-2022).